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Unformatted text preview: privileges. The Chinese insisted that the British traders put up bond to ensure their compliance with the prohibitions on opium imports and destroy their opium stocks, measures which the English found arbitrary and dictatorial, and from 1839 to 1844 armed con f ict began between China and England to establish English trading demands. China lost the Opium Wars , and as a result ceded Hong Kong (!) which was returned on July 1, 1997. The tea trade was to have a profound effect on the relationship between China and the West and had important consequences for the future history of China....
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- Summer '10