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2 Lecture 41 Medieval Gardens Medieval gardens originated in the monastery. Gardens were a combination of the villa rustica and the academy. Appended to churches was the cloister , a covered passage on the side of a court, usually having one side walled, and the other an open arcade or colonnade opening up into a garden. These gardens became a place of religious seclusion. Monastery gardens contained vegetables as well as spices, and grapes for sacramental purposes. Wines today are still associated with monasteries (e.g., Christian Brothers). Learn- ing, including the ancient art of gardening, was preserved in the monastery following the tradition of Alberto Magnus. Two types of medieval gardens existed, ornamental and kitchen gardens. When gardening spread to the nobility gardens became enlarged and splendid. Mazes, an ancient feature of gardens, was reintroduced strictly for pleasure (and romance?). There was an expansion of gardening as an art form and gardens became a mark of status for an emerging secular, wealthy class.
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