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lec41 (dragged) - Lecture 41 1 Lecture 41 History of...

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1 Lecture 41 History of Gardens: Formalism and the Western Tradition Gardens are as old as civilization. The word, garden, derives from Anglo Saxon gyrdon which means to enclose . Gardens are rooted in the desire of humans to surround themselves with beautiful plants, shade, and unique foods. Paradise is the Persian word for garden; thus, an allusion to the concept that gardens are pleasure grounds. Egyptian gardens originated on the edge of the desert where the natural vegetation is sparse; there was no natural landscape to copy except that of the oasis so an arti fi cial landscape was created. In Egypt, gardens represent the beginnings of agriculture. The garden was an arti cial oasis . Gardens were enclosed; arti fi cial pools added to provide an “oasis feeling.” Plantings are ordered and planted in straight rows because of irrigation requirements and fl atness of land. Irrigation canals are a common feature. Fences and walls protect plants.
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