Quiz3 - the irrigated fields Sample Correct Answer Shaduf...

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1. Herodotus, a Greek historian of the 4th century BCE described Egypt as the "gift of the Nile." Explain what he meant. (5 points) Student Response : Herodotus said so because the river itself was the only reason for the kingdom survived and was able to civilize only because of the annual flooding of the river. Egypt did not receive any rain and so all the water that was needed for everything to take place such as drinking, cleaning, irrigation came only from one source, the river Nile. Sample Correct Answer The Nile Valley is inundated by seasonal flooding which restores fertility to the soil and provides water for irrigation. Without the seasonal inundation of the Nile the Nile Valley would be a desert. Score: 5/5 2. Define shaduf and explain what it is used for. (3 points) Student Response : Shaduf is a very simple lever that can be operated by hand. It is used for lifting water to
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Unformatted text preview: the irrigated fields. Sample Correct Answer Shaduf is a water lifting device consisting of a beam holding a long pole suspended at one end with a lump of clay acting as a counterweight and a bucket suspended at the other end. Score: 2.5/3 3. What is evidence for plant introduction into Egypt? (2 points) Student Response : Papyrus, the symbol of Lower Egypt and Lotus, the symbol of Upper Egypt seems to be an evidence for plant introduction into Egypt because these were incorporated in various paintings of hunting scenes, floral designs etc. Sample Correct Answer There are two types of evidence Archeological and literary evidence showing a sequence of crops that are indigenous to other areas. Artistic evidence of plant exploration and pictures of new plants from botanical collections carved on temple walls at Karnak. Score: 1/2...
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