reading%204-3 (dragged) 2

reading%204-3 (dragged) 2 - In the late Neolithic and...

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In the late Neolithic and Bronze Ages between 6000 and 3000 BCE, the ancient Mediterranean fruits (date, olive, grape, fig, sycomore fig, and pomegranate) were domesticated (Zohary and Spiegel-Roy 1975). Fruits such as citrus, banana, various pome fruits (apple, pear, quince, medlar) and stone fruits (almond, apricot, cherry, peach, and plum) were domesticated in Central and East Asia and reached the West in antiquity. A number of fruits and nuts were domesticated only in the 19 th and 20 th centuries (blueberry, blackberry, pecan, and kiwifruit). Some well-known fruits, although extensively collected, remain to be domesticated such as lingonberry, various cacti such as pitaya, Brazilnut, and durian. This review will consider the various technologies inherent in the origins of some well known fruits emphasizing factors that led to domestication and the genetic changes that ensued. A. The Origins of Agriculture The change from food collection to food production requires the domestication of plants and
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