truly independent discoveries. Evidence of diffusion in the history of agricultural technology includes irrigation technology from Mesopotamia, silkworm technology from China, and horse technology from Central Asia. In the Mid-East, the change from scavenging, collecting, and hunting to agriculture that occurred about 10 to 12 thousand years ago is rather sudden. Taking into consideration the long history of mankind, the term Neolithic Revolution has been coined for this “rapid” transformation. The domestication of crops was preceded by animal domestication with Nomadism the link between animal agriculture and farming. The first crops domesticated in the Middle East include cereals, such as barley, emmer, and spelt, and pulse crops such as sesame and lentil. Cereal and pulse culture require a number of technologies, including land preparation, planting, harvesting, threshing, and seed storage, that form the basis of crop agriculture. Because
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