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Unformatted text preview: Egyptian writings somewhat later, inaugurated the literary tradition that survives today as a result of the near indestructibility of the baked clay tablets used for cuneiform script, the wide use of stone carving for hieroglyphics, and the preservation of papyrus in desert tombs. Zohary and Spiegel-Roy (1975) proposed that fruit culture, in contrast with mere collection, originated 4000 to 3000 BCE. Although some information before this period is based on archeological remains, much of it is by inference and conjecture. Perhaps the earliest pictorial evidence of fruit growing occurs in a 1 m tall alabaster vessel known as the Uruk vase found in Jemdet Nasr levels at Uruk that date from about 3000 BCE (Fig. 1). Uruk (Erech) is on the Euphrates just north of Basra, Iraq. The imagery depicts water at the bottom of the vase, followed by plants (barley and sesame) and domestic animals, and men bearing baskets of fruit with offerings presented to a female, perhaps the Goddess Innana, later known as Istar (Bahrani...
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.
- Summer '10