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reading%204-3 (dragged) 26 - named after the fruit By Roman...

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named after the fruit. By Roman times, cherries were a common fruit and are described by Pliny and Virgil but, generally as wild trees (Faust and Suranyi 1997). Sweet cherries are usually consumed fresh, but are also used in cold soups, dried, or converted to maraschino cherries which are often covered with chocolate. Tart cherries are canned or frozen, usually as a filling for pastries and pies, and made into jams and jellies. Dried tart cherries known as chaisins are gaining in popularity. The flowering cherry, P. × yedoensis , is particularly revered in Japan; the flowering cherry trees of Washington D.C. are a 1912 gift from Japan after earlier shipments were destroyed by insect infestations. The appearance of the cherry seems little changed from Roman times. There is diversity in fruit color (from yellow to red to black), flesh color, and season of ripening. The presence of pollen incompatibility groups makes it essential that this character be understood in laying out plantings. Recent advances have been made by breeding for self-compatibility originally induced
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