Indo-Burma region and grows wild in the forest of northeast India and is an allopolyploid between M. indica and M. sylvatica Known for 4 to 6 thousands years, the mango spread through the Indian subcontinent, and reached Malaya in the about the 5 th century BCE (Purseglove 1968), East Africa in the 10 th century, and the New World in the beginning of the 19 th century. It was successfully introduced to Florida in 1861. Mango is consumed fresh, dried, or processed and is widely used in chutneys. To mango enthusiasts the mango is a fruit that the peach only aspires to become. Nucellar polyembryony is widespread in the mango allowing vegetative propagation of some types from seed. Two major groups of mango are recognized, the Indian race (monoembryonic) and the Philippine race (polyembryonic). Diversity in mango is very high for fruit size, skin color, and flesh quality that ranging from fibrous to smooth with flavor from turpentine-like to mild. Many generations of selection have produced cultivars free of seed fibers
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.