made by 1850 in New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Wisconsin, and the technology of wetland cultivation was developed (Dale et al. 1994). Domestication of V. macrocarpon , which is adapted to lowland acidic soils, has been achieved by selection from elite wild plantings and subsequent hybridization (Galletta and Ballington 1996). Most cranberry cultivars originated as single-plant selections of native bog populations, and four of them still accounted for 90% of the total American production area in 1990. Although cranberry was a traditional holiday fruit consumed at Thanksgiving feasts in the United States, expansion of the industry has occurred with innovative processing involving freezing, juice production—particularly mixtures with other juices—and as a dried fruit. Cranberry has also been considered a health food and the juice is recommended for urinary tract health in women. Lingonberry. Vaccinium vitis-idaea is a circumboreal, woody, dwarf to low-growing, rhizomatous, evergreen shrub. The plant is indigenous to Scandinavia and has been harvested
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