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reading%204-3 (dragged) 44 - the 1600s the apple was...

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the 1600s, the apple was imported by immigrants, some as scions but most as seeds from Holland, Germany, France, and the British Isles (Beech 1905). In 1634, Lord Baltimore instructed the first Maryland settlers to carry “ kernalls of pears and apples, especially of Permains and Deesons, for making thereafter of Cider and Perry ” (Calhoun 1995). Pioneers were encouraged to plant apples and the requirement for settling Ohio (1787–1788) included that the settler must harvest at least 50 apple or pear trees and 20 peach trees (Morgan and Richards 1993). Apples, once introduced, were carried far into the wilderness by Native Americans, traders, and missionaries and became naturalized. In 1806, Jonathan Chapman (the legendary Johnny Appleseed), born in 1744 in Leominster, Massachusetts distributed apple seeds from cider mills in western Pennsylvania and founded a nursery in West Virginia, distributing seeds along the way. The apple flourished in the new territories with the greatest use for hard cider, the distilled product called apple jack, and vinegar for preservation of fruits and vegetables. Many of
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