reading%204-3 (dragged) 46

reading%204-3 (dragged) 46 - E. Lost Fruits Although a...

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Unformatted text preview: E. Lost Fruits Although a number of fruits have Cinderella stories, many lose out. Some fruits, once popular and widely grown, fall into disuse. Perhaps this can be considered reverse domestication. Examples include sycomore fig, medlar, quince, and the Asian apple ( M. asiatica ). A number of fruits languish as regional fruits. Thus, Ribes species (gooseberries, red and black currants) have never been popular in North America, the Asian persimmon (kaki) has never been really popular outside of Asia, and grapefruit, popular in the United States, is only slowly being adopted in Europe and Asia. F. Fruit Breeding Fruit breeding as an organized activity is a 19 th century innovation. Its origins trace to mass selection efforts in strawberry ( see III D 1) and pear ( see III B 1). Thomas Andrew Knight (17591838) was the first to improve fruits by selection from genetic recombination derived from inter-pollinations of clones. An early proponent of the development of plant improvement through cross breeding and selection he literally initiated the...
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