Table 2. Origin and changes associated with domestication of various fruit crops. Fruit crop Species (Chromosome no.) Family Origin Reproduction of wild species Changes associated with domestication Mediterranean Fruits Date palm Phoenix dactilifera x =18,2n=36Arecaceae S. Mediterranean basin Dioecious Offshoot production, increased fruit size Fig–common Ficus carica x=13, 2n=26Moraceae E. Mediterraneanbasin Gynodioecious Parthenocarpy Fig–sycomore Ficus sycomorus Moraceae East Monoecious Parthenocarpy Grape Vitis viniferax=19, 2n=38 Vitaceae W. Asia Dioecious Hermaphroditic, increased berry size, parthenocarpy Olive Olea europeax=23, 2n=46 Oleaceae Mediterranean basin Andromonecious Increased fruit size, high oil Pomegranate Punica granatum Punicaceae W. Asia Hermaphroditic Increased fruit size, sweetness Asian & European Fruits Pome FruitsApple Malus udomestica x=17, 2n=34, 51Rosaceae Central Asia Hermaphroditic, self-incompatible Combination of size aroma, loss of astringency, sweetness,
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
Peach, Prunus, Rosaceae, fruit size, hermaphroditic