5Reading 3-1for sacrifice, divination by examining the entrails, or cock fighting. Chickens are thought to have been domesticated from the jungle fowl of southern and southeastern Asia. The art of divination from sacrificed birds seems to have spread with chicken raising at least into the Mediterranean area and was practiced by the ancient Greeks. The practice of rearing for sacrifice but not eating flesh or eggs has also been found in parts of the Americas and has led Sauer (1952), Carter (1971), and others to postulate early trans-Pacific contacts between the hemispheres.Sheep, goats, pigs, and pigeons were sacrificed in the ancient world of classical times and it has been suggested that these also may have been domesticated to have a supply of sacrificial animals. From the above examples of legends and myths and from other clues, it seems at least plausible that animals may have been used in ritual killings as a substitute for humans. Human sacrifice and ritual killing may have been very ancient customs.
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Human sacrifice, propinquity theory, V. Gordon Childe, Ancient South America, West African forests