6Reading 3-1The most extensively developed model for agricultural origins is that cultivation was an invention or discovery. Because Darwin’s theory of evolution has had profound influence on modern biology and anthro-pology, it is interesting to see how he viewed the subject (Darwin, 1896):The savage inhabitants of each land, having found out by many and hard trials what plants were useful, or could be rendered useful by various cooking processes, would after a time take the first step in cultivation by planting them near their usual abodes...The next step in cultivation, and this would require but little forethought, would be to sow the seeds of useful plants; and as the soil near the hovels of natives would often be in some degree manured, improved varieties would sooner or later arise. Or a wild and unusually good variety of a native plant might attract the attention of some wise old savage; and he would transplant it, or sow its seed.Darwin, among others, was convinced that nomadic people could not develop agriculture (Darwin, 1909):
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