Reading3-1 (dragged) 17

Reading3-1 (dragged) 17 - 18 Reading 3-1 Temperate forests...

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18 Reading 3-1 Temperate forests, Fig. 4, have somewhat better possibilities. Clearings can be made by deadening trees. The soils of loess terraces, at least, are friable and easily worked with primitive tools, and leaf mould and litter can be helpful in soil conditioning. The contributions, as one would expect, have been primarily in fruits and nuts, e.g., apple, pear, peach, cherry, quince, plum, grape, walnut, hickory, pecan, hazelnut, chestnut, buckeye, oak, etc., the last two usually requiring detoxi f cation. A small complex developed in eastern North America where Iva, Chenopodium, Phalaris, Polygonum, Ambrosia, Hordeum pusillum , pos- sibly a Cucurbita and sun F ower were domesticated (Watson, 1989). Still, cultivation of such plants seems to be late and they were gathered from the wild long after other crops had been domesticated. On the whole, temperate forests are benign environments and agriculture was unnecessary until rather late in prehistory; see comments on Jomon of Japan, Chapter 10. It is when we come to the Mediterranean woodlands, Fig. 4, and trop ical savannas, Fig. 5, that we hit
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue.

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