Reading3-1 (dragged) 19 - If this view of American...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
20 Reading 3-1 Conclusions I still think it unlikely that one model would explain all situations. There are too many independent beginnings for that. One scenario that is likely is one in which people of a well-developed delayed return hunter-gathering society began to grow one or a few special species in gardens, perhaps for fun, perhaps for convenience, perhaps to bridge a lean time in the gathering schedule, but more likely, to my mind, to raise a chosen plant in a spiritual ly safe space free of malevolent forces. Such a scenario would be as much a nonevent as the Kuruk growing tobacco. The change would be completely trivial until and unless the early initiative of small scale gardening evolved into true food produc- tion, and this might take millennia, It may be that agriculture slipped through the back door without anyone noticing. This scenario seems to f t the evidence from Oaxaca, and the Andes and the mid-western USA. Probably other scenarios were played out in the Old World.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: If this view of American neolithization is more or less correct, then the major changes and adjustments of human adaptation came before plant cultivation and we should be looking at what motivated changes in the epipai- palaeolithic or Mesolithic. What prompted people all over the world to make smaller, more elegant and more ef cient tools and weapons? What prompt ed them to take to the water in rafts, canoes, boats, make harpoons, sh hooks, nets, traps, weirs, etc.? What motivated a broader spectrum of hunt ing and gathering? Here, we do not have to look far for incentives. With all that ice melting and sea levels ris-ing, it was a watery world, and with mass faunal extinction, other resources had to be exploited. After the adjustments were made, the best opportunities for initiation of plant cultivation would be in areas with long dry seasons, whether temperate or tropical....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online