reading4-1 (dragged) 1

reading4-1 (dragged) 1 - Dr. Gross sent me two apples from...

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2 Reading 4-1 provision for the winter. The specimens are often carbonized by f re, but the internal structure of the fruit is only the more clearly to be distinguished. Heer, 10 who has shown great penetration in observing these details, distinguishes two varieties of the apple known to the inhabitants of the lake-dwellings before they possessed metals. The smaller kind are 15 to 24 mm in their longitudinal diameter, and about 3 mm more across (in their dried and carbonized state); the larger, 29, to 32 mm lengthways by 36 wide (dried, but not carbonized). The latter corresponds to an apple of German-Swiss orchards, now called campaner. The English wild apple, f gured in English Botany, pl. 179, is 17 mm long by 22 wide. It is possible that the little apples of the lake-dwellings were wild; however, their abundance in the stores makes it doubtful.
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Unformatted text preview: Dr. Gross sent me two apples from the more recent pala f ttes of Lake Neuchtel; the one is 17 the other 22 mm in longitudinal diameter. At Lagozza, in Lombardy, Sordelli 11 mentions two apples, the one 17 mm by 19, the other 19 mm by 27 . In a prehistoric deposit of Lago Varese, at Bardello, Ragazzoni found an apple in the stores a little larger than the others. From all these facts, I consider the apple to have existed in Europe, both wild and cultivated, from prehistoric times. The lack of communication with Asia before the Aryan invasion makes it probable that the tree was indigenous in Europe as in Anatolia, the south of the Caucasus, and Northern Russia, and that its cultivation began early everywhere. 10 Heer, Pfahlbauten , p. 24, f gs. 1-7. 11 Sordelli, Sulle Piante della Stazime di Lagozza , p. 35....
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