Reading34-1 (dragged) 2

Reading34-1 (dragged) 2 - 3 Reading 34-1 Middle Ages But in...

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Unformatted text preview: 3 Reading 34-1 Middle Ages. But in the early 15th century honey began to be supplanted by the new cane sugar, and so mead gave way to beer. In Russia this change did not take place until the arrival of beet sugar in the 19th century. Even as late as the 1860s, an industry of bees-honey-mead existed in parts of Russia, and Tolstoy mentions it in a letter to his wife. There seems to be a clear connection between weather and the sweet tooth. Countries with a vine- growing climate were always much more modest consumers of sugar or honey than were those countries which could not produce wine. What weight must be given to the sunshine and to the sugar in the fruit and wine, no one can say, but sugar/honey and alcohol were quite clearly alternatives in all cultures in the post-Roman world, long before Ogden Nash said the last word on the physiology of alcohol dependence: “Candy is dandy/But liquor is quicker.” Mohammed banned alcohol to his followers. At f rst, alternative stimulating drinks in Moslem countries had to depend upon honey for sweetness, but within a hundred years of the Prophet’s death in 632 sugar...
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