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Reading34-1 (dragged) 19

Reading34-1 (dragged) 19 - 20 Reading 34-1 West Indies...

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20 Reading 34-1 West Indies trade East Indies trade (including triangular) (India, China, all Paci f c and Indian Oceans) Capital employed but not £70,000,000 £18,000,000 real property, slaves, etc. abroad Exports from UK (excluding bullion) £3,000,000 £1,500,000 Imports into UK £7,600,000 £5,000,000 Duties paid to government in UK £1,800,000 £800,000 Tonnage employed 300,000 tons 160,000 tons The f gures in all cases exclude government transports, troop movements, stores, and of course naval vessels. 26 The West Indian merchants carried such weight that the sugar islands were considered in 1763 as being more important than Canada, both British and French, and by one section of politicians as being more vital even than the American colonies. The West Indian interest, however, was always unpopular because of its arrogance, its get-rich quick propensity, its attractions for nature’s gamblers, and its faint taint of slavery, which carried into the most elegant drawing room. The opposition to sugar and slavery was not con f ned to the new romantics of the late 18th century, to the dissenters, or to the staunchest and earliest of abolitionists, the Quakers. Dr. Johnson (a good Tory) described Jamaica as “a place of great wealth, a den of tyrants, and
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