Reading35-1 (dragged) 3 - 4 Reading 35-1 were certainly...

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4 Reading 35-1 were certainly more advanced in their knowledge of the natural sciences than most Europeans, and for this to be true the reasoning powers of the elite must have been of a high order. Finally, it is a great mistake to believe that nautical information available to the Portuguese was also known to the Dutch, or that the French and English had a common pool of received wisdom. Sailing direc- tions, charts, positions of snags and rocks and reefs and eddies and currents—information which the world now shares—were then jealously guarded secrets. If Magellan managed to sail through the Strait to which he gave his name in 1519, or if in the 17th century the French managed to sail a large f eet round the Horn, earlier and with more ships than any other maritime power, or if the British had a tradition of dead reckon- ing by longitude in the 18th century that made their navigators the envy of the world, it is wrong to believe that the knowledge or advantages that enabled them to make these achievements became quickly available to other nations. These were practically state secrets, and to reveal them to foreigners was to court justi F - able punishment. From the early Portuguese adventures down the coast of Africa until the 1st European arrival in Australia
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HIST 302 taught by Professor Jensic during the Summer '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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