ships might have an even longer trip if chance, wind, or weather obliged them to call not only at St. Helena
and the Canaries, but also in Brazil, Buenos Aires, or Angola.
The intention was for the ships to be so well
found that they were self-suf
As with ships, so with men.
“Freight is the mother of wages” was a doctrine which held good in Eng-
lish law until 1854.
A shipwrecked mariner was not rewarded for an unsuccessful voyage, and a man was
only paid at the end of a complete round trip, England to England.
Men had to be selected and chosen for
their ability to work and
ght a ship with a far smaller crew than a vessel of equivalent size and armament
in the Royal Navy.
In modern parlance, productivity had to be high, and the men therefore of a correspond-
ing high quality.
East India Company ships attracted better of
cers than did the Royal Navy, and the men
were not forcibly pressed, as in the Navy, but volunteers.
Adventure, a desire to see the world, and a love
of the sea were, as always, the reasons for young men to go to sea, but a particular motive for joining the
East India Company was the attendant exemption from impress, kidnapping, conscription, hijacking, or
whatever it might be called by the Royal Navy, at sea or on shore.
As a result the crews were of the best,