8Reading 35-1ships might have an even longer trip if chance, wind, or weather obliged them to call not only at St. Helena and the Canaries, but also in Brazil, Buenos Aires, or Angola. The intention was for the ships to be so well found that they were self-sufficient.As with ships, so with men. “Freight is the mother of wages” was a doctrine which held good in Eng-lish law until 1854. A shipwrecked mariner was not rewarded for an unsuccessful voyage, and a man was only paid at the end of a complete round trip, England to England. Men had to be selected and chosen for their ability to work and fight a ship with a far smaller crew than a vessel of equivalent size and armament in the Royal Navy. In modern parlance, productivity had to be high, and the men therefore of a correspond-ing high quality. East India Company ships attracted better officers than did the Royal Navy, and the men were not forcibly pressed, as in the Navy, but volunteers. Adventure, a desire to see the world, and a love of the sea were, as always, the reasons for young men to go to sea, but a particular motive for joining the East India Company was the attendant exemption from impress, kidnapping, conscription, hijacking, or whatever it might be called by the Royal Navy, at sea or on shore.
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Dutch East India Company, British East India Company