polsci 150 study guide 4

polsci 150 study guide 4 - Section 1 Political Parties-What...

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Section 1: Political Parties -What are “parties?” organization of citizens that are united by ideology and seek to control government to promote their ideas. - What role do they play as intermediaries between voters and representatives? link between voters and representatives - What is the “party organization” and what is its main goal? official structure of committees that conducts party businesses MAIN GOAL: win elections - What is the “party-in-government” what does it aim to do? all the elected in government representing a party AIM to: -organize and control legislative area - unite politicians - What is the “party-in-the-electorate“?. ordinary citizens who identify with a political party - What is the general trend in the relationship between party affiliation and ideology? - What is the “responsible party model?” make promises and will follow through - Do the US political parties fit the model? Why/why not? -What obstacles are there to the “responsible party model” in the US? have no control over: -who members are -who candidates are - what policies their politicians push for What is “party polarization?” large and deep ideological differences between parties Has it increased or decreased in the US? - What is the argument connecting party polarization and safer districts/redistricting? What is the argument against it? - What is the argument connecting party polarization and voter polarization? What is the argument against this viewpoint? - What is the argument connecting party polarization and party realignment?
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Section 2: Third Parties - Why do 3 rd parties that know they cannot win still run in elections? to get attention for their cause and to act as spoilers - What are the three reasons why there are only two political parties? 1. the electoral system 2. Ballot Access Law 3. Campaign Finance Laws - How does the electoral system and single member districts reinforce the 2-party sys- tem? There’s only representative per district with winner take all elections
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polsci 150 study guide 4 - Section 1 Political Parties-What...

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