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paper 2 - Haubold D Max Haubold Paper 2 Option 1 11/2/2010...

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Haubold D Max Haubold Paper 2 Option 1 11/2/2010 Scotus and Aquinas In his Ordinatio , John Duns Scotus considers whether or not God has infallible cognition of everything and every condition of its existence. To do this, he reviews the opinions of others. Specifically he examines and rejects Thomas Aquinas’ account, and in doing so expresses the points on which he feels are most pertinent and logical to the solution of the question. In analyzing the conclusions Scotus draws, it is important to first explore Aquinas’ account, then look at how Scotus feels Aquinas has erred. This will culminate to reveal a fundamental disagreement between the two minds regarding the relation between God and eternity, and the certainty of things which come to pass. Scotus presents his consideration of Aquinas’ account in Ordinatio, where he opens by claiming that anything done by God is of His pleasure, and is done in such a way that no reason or cause need be sought. He aligns this with the work of a potter, who can mold anything his heart desires from the same piece of clay. It is all of the same mass, and can be made into anything, as God can do and have done anything without or of any type of cause. This is supported by the consequent argument that God chooses who and whom not to grace. Despite matters of innocence and guilt, it is of God to chose, not of any causality. It might be assumed then, that there is some extrinsic quality or criteria for selecting who to grace, however this is also not the case. It is of God’s pure will, of no other factors or considerations. It is stated that the reason for choice, or rather in the larger scope, the reason for why anything happens or is caused, is due to the fact that divine goodness cannot be
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Haubold instilled totally in one not divine being, yet all non divine beings are of the same substance or essence. In continuation, diverse grades of things are needed to pursue perfection. Also, evil and non-good things are in place by God to allow good to be done.
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paper 2 - Haubold D Max Haubold Paper 2 Option 1 11/2/2010...

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