The Identification of Czar Nicholas II - Victor Weedn (modified)

The Identification of Czar Nicholas II - Victor Weedn (modified)

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THE IDENTIFICATION OF CZAR NICHOLAS II THE LAST CZAR OF IMPERIAL RUSSIA Victor W. Weedn, M.D., J.D. New Jersey State Medical Examiner Nicholas II 1868 born 1894 (26 yo) assumed the throne “charming, but hopelessly indecisive” 1903-1916 Rasputin family advisor 1899 Hague Peace Conference I 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War 1906 Created elected Duma 1907 Hague Peace conference II 1914 involved in WWI Background Centuries of repressive government. 1825 revolt lost, but impetus for further revolts. 1905 revolt squelched by Nicholas II . March 1917, Kerensky takes power. (March 14, Nicholas II abdicates) October 1917, Lenin’s Bolsheviks take over. Ekaterinburg Katherine’s City Siberian town in the Urals Later known as Sverdlovsk Military build up during WWII 1960 Gary Powers flew U-2 over 1979 Site of Anthrax release The Hostages Ural Soviets, in possession of the family, --- wanted to execute the family.
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--- wanted a public trial and humiliation. Lenin, --- wanted to use the family as pawns. The Hostage as Pawns Treaty of Brest-Litovsk achieved peace by handing over 1/3 of European Russia and Western Ukraine. Most Russian people saw it as a betrayal. Nicholas might sign or endorse the Treaty. The Empress was a German Princess and Kaiser Wilhelm’s First cousin. The German Ambassador expressed concern for her safety. The Execution Decision Sverdlov, Chairman of the Central Executive Committee, convinced Lenin that the family should be executed. By July, civil war and foreign intervention and the Czech-White Army was nearing Ekaterinburg. July 6th the German Ambassador was assassinated. July 12, word was sent to the Urals that the family was of no more use. The Ural Soviet immediately voted to execute the Czar. Yakov Yurovsky was to carry out the order and destroy all evidence. The Execution Decision “Ilych [Lenin] believed that we shouldn’t leave the Whites a live banner to rally around, especially under the present difficult circumstances…the decision was not only expedient but necessary. The severity of this summary justice showed the world that we would continue to fight on mercilessly, stopping at nothing. The execution of the Tsar’s family was needed not only to frighten, horrify and dishearten the enemy, but also in order to shake up their own ranks to show that there was no turning back, that ahead lay either complete victory or complete ruin… This Lenin sensed well.” Trotsky The Execution At midnight, July 16-17, 1918, after 78 days imprisonment in the Impatiev House, Yakov Yurovsky arrived and told Dr. Botkin to have the family dressed so they could be moved to the basement for safety as the Whites were drawing near. 1. Nicholas Romanov (50)
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CHEM 104 taught by Professor Yang during the Fall '04 term at Berkeley.

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The Identification of Czar Nicholas II - Victor Weedn (modified)

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