01-4027-01 - Copy - Silicones are synthetic polymers formed...

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Contents 1930-1942: Researching the Possibilities 1943-1960: The First Commercial Era of Silicon-Based Materials 1961-1980: The Second Commercial Era 1981-1999: The Third Era – the Development of Advanced Materials 2000-Today: The Current Era of Silicon Technology – More than Materials … Solutions Silicones are synthetic polymers formed from quartz sand (silicon and oxygen) and other products of nature and are uniquely able to withstand its many extremes.
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1930-1942: Researching the Possibilities 1930-1942 Under fellowships from Corning Glass Works, and later Dow Corning, researchers explore the amazing potential of organosilicon chemistry. 1930 Dr. Eugene C. Sullivan, director of research, Corning Glass Co., asks Dr. J. Franklin Hyde to investigate the possibility of developing plastics with the properties of glass. Silicones combine the advantages of both glass and plastics. Glass is silicon-based, making it temperature and moisture-resistant, chemically inert, and dielectric. Plastics are carbon-based, making them strong and able to assume many forms. 1937 Under a Corning Fellowship, Dr. Rob Roy McGregor leads a research team, including Dr. Earl Warrick and Dr. John Speier, to work on silicones at the Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA). 1942 An agreement formalized by a handshake gives birth to an industry. Top managers of Corning Glass and Dow Chemical agree to form a joint venture for the development and manufacture of silicones. First silicone product is sold – Dow Corning ® 4 Compound, an ignition sealing compound that makes high-altitude flight possible and ushers in a new age of aviation. Early Dow Corning researchers. Front row (left to right): Art Barry, Frank Hyde, Rob Roy McGregor, Pauline Hopfer, Mary Thayer, John Goodwin, Earl Warrick, Fred Knight. Second row: Paul Samsel, John Gilkey, Mel Hunter, Bill Daudt, Shailer Bass, Leigh Fowler, Olie Blessing. Third row: Jim McHard, Tovio “Andy” Kauppi, Hal White, Ken Bacon, Dick Clark, Richard Freeman, Bill Collings. Fourth row: Phil Servais, Earl Kropscot, Bill Pedersen, George Greminger, Chet Currie, Bill Kuhlman, Avery Stearns, Jim Fletcher. Back row: Luther Berhenke, Zeke Dennett. When packed in aircraft electrical harnesses, Dow Corning ® 4 Compound prevents corona discharge. This enables aircraft to remain at 35,000 feet for a full eight hours, making it possible to deliver planes to North Africa and England by air instead of ship convoy. Left to right: E.C. Britton, Lt. Fluke, and Commander Hyman Rickover. The Carnegie-Mellon University Research Group: Dr. McGregor, Dr. Speier, Dr. Warrick, Ruth Zimmerman, Helena Corsello, and Charlie Kohl. Dr. J. Franklin Hyde Dr. Eugene C. Sullivan Interest in Dow Corning ® 900A Resin, a coating for glass cloth for electrical insulation, brings Commander Hyman Rickover, U.S. Navy, to Midland, Michigan (USA). Rickover is instrumental in obtaining the wartime approvals needed to build and operate Dow Corning’s first manufacturing plant.
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