psychosocial implications

psychosocial implications - The Psychological Impact of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Psychological Impact of HIV/AIDS: People are more than statistics Research Team: Cathleen Bezuidenhoudt (University of Namibia) Hermien Elago (Polytechnic of Namibia) Evelina Kalenga (University of Namibia) Salome Klazen (Polytechnic University) Kadiva Nghipondoka (University of Namibia) Prof. Diane Ashton, Facilitator (University of Namibia) Introduction HIV/AIDS is a topic that has been greatly discussed and researched due to its’ impact on human beings. Ever since the HIV/AIDS virus was identified, people have been trying to find ways of educating others about this virus. Many campaigns have been put into place, and people have been made aware of the various effects of the virus. We must remember that this virus has not only physiological effects, but also major psychological effects. This paper will focus on the psychological effects of the HIV/AIDS virus on people living with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers. Those living with HIV/AIDS will be referred to as infect- ed , while the personal caregivers and family members will be referred to as affected . We define psychological effects as those thoughts, feelings, emotions that affect the mental state and well-being of the infected and affected persons. In the general HIV/AIDS research, statistics are used to present findings. Statistics do not actually explain critical matters of concern such as the psychological manifestations of HIV/AIDS. This is of concern because the research done then becomes a matter of statistics and the other personal issues that are important are not thoroughly discussed. It is in this light that the objective of this paper is to emphasize the impor- tance of awareness of the psychological effects of HIV/AIDS, such as: fear, loss, grief, guilt, denial, anger, anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, suicidal behavior and thinking, and socio-economic issues. “The psychological or internal challenges a person with HIV/AIDS faces vary from individual to individual. Not everyone will experience all of the emotional responses or stages of the emotional responses described. Each HIV/AIDS situation is as unique as the people involved. There are individuals who might face catastrophic changes not only in their personal and job relationships, but in their physical bodies and in their self-images and self-esteem.” (Watstein and Chandler, 1998). As a result of these changes in both work- ing and personal relationships, the behavior of those infected may change. They may become withdrawn, aggressive, and rude to colleagues and friends. This may be because the infected person may feel (or imag- ine) being victimized. Infected, and in some cases, affected, people can experience a decrease in self-esteem as they are no longer confident in themselves or what they can achieve. This is likely caused by the stigma within society against infected and affected people. They are seen as lesser persons and are at times devalued. This in itself is of course detrimental to the person’s well-being.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

psychosocial implications - The Psychological Impact of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online