PSY106Chap1b - Chapter Review After reading this chapter,...

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Chapter Review After reading this chapter, students should understand that: Lifespan development takes a scientific approach to studying human growth, change, and stability. Lifespan developmentalists seek to understand the universal principles of development, traits, and characteristics that differentiate people from each other, and how cultural, racial, and ethnic differences explain development. There are four topical areas in lifespan development: physical cognitive personality social development The lifespan is divided into broad age ranges, which include: the prenatal period infancy and toddlerhood the preschool period middle childhood adolescence young adulthood middle adulthood late adulthood People mature at different rates and reach developmental milestones at different points in time. Urie Bronfenbrenner proposed an ecological approach to studying lifespan development and suggested that four levels of the environment simultaneously influence individuals and their development. The four levels of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model are: the microsystem (immediate environment) the mesosystem (connects various aspects of the microsystem) the exosystem (larger institutions of one’s society that are not necessarily in direct contact with the person) the macrosystem (larger cultural influences, such as national government and sociavalues) As a biological factor, race is not independent of environment and cultural context, and it harder to attribute a particular behavior or set of behaviors to race per se without considering the environment.
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Individuals belonging to the same cohort are products of the social time in which they live, as they experience the same social events such as wars, famines, economic upturns, etc. Development can be seen as being continuous or discontinuous: Continuous development is quantitative in nature and gradual, with achievements at one level building on those of previous levels. Changes in discontinuous development occur in distinct steps or stages, with each stage
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course PSYCH 106 taught by Professor Koch during the Spring '11 term at Kennesaw.

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PSY106Chap1b - Chapter Review After reading this chapter,...

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