Final Outlines

Final Outlines - 2 What was the New Imperialism why did it...

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2. What was the New Imperialism, why did it occur, and what were its consequences? a. What a.i. The division of Asia & Africa amongst the big powers of the West. This time they had new motives and new tactics. They also sought after Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Britain, Spain, and France had all lost many of their colonies… needed new source of a.ii. It was not as easy to conquer Asia and Africa because they were immune to the diseases that helped to kill off many Native Americans. Instead they had to use new technologies such as quinine to treat Malaria, advanced technology (steamships, bulldozers) and advanced weaponry (machine guns)—gave them large advantage over Asians and Africans. a.iii. ***Rudyard Kipling wrote in The White Man’s Burden about how white men had an almost duty to Westernize the savage ppl around the world. He was not a racist but showed how many ppl were enculturated to truly believe they were better than other people. Marc Twain expressed his opinions that imperialism was only driven by greed in The Battle Hymn of the Republic (Brought Down to Date) to mock the New Imperialism.*** b. Why b.i. Two main reasons: abundance of raw materials and a new market. Raw materials: cotton, rubber, sugar, tea, coffee, nickel and other metals, and oil. b.ii. Another big reason was a new market… due to an oversupply prices had to be lowered, but a new and wanting market could raise prices back up and bring in more money. They would go in and eliminate competition by taxing local business out of business. Then they would have to buy their products. The Opium War with China enforced that the Chinese continued to buy Opium and didn’t make laws against consuming it. c. What c.i. The main consequence was involution (is something that is its own inverse) so in this case it’s the opposite of industrialization. Occurred to many of the new Western colonies of Africa and Asia. Happened to Indian cotton-weavers (taxed too highly, moved to farms but not enough land) Also to the Irish- potato famine. Potatoes were more cost efficient but a fungus wiped them out and many Irishmen starved. 3. What caused the West to industrialize in the nineteenth century, and what were the consequences? a. What a.i. Britain’s first industrialization (water power to mass produce) had spread to many other countries early on. Soon Britain entered the next stage of Industrialization, one defined by the use of fossil fuels (mainly coal) to manufacture cheap steel. This idea also spread throughout the West and other countries. b. main product was steel which is stronger than wrought iron yet less brittle than cast iron. The Bessemer process was what made it manageable to produce inexpensive steel—could be used for railroads, cables for bridges, steel cans for packaged foods, bikes, and automobiles. The USA was by far the biggest producer with huge factories in the cities of Lowell and Pittsburg. Great
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course HIST 1400 taught by Professor Eves during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Final Outlines - 2 What was the New Imperialism why did it...

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