09 India - Introduction to the Region Musical Features...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to the Region Musical Features Varanasi in northern India 1. Ancient city known as the traditional center for gharana, a particular school of vocal or instrumental performance in Indias classical music traditions gharana extend back to the times of the great medieval courts Introduction to the Region Drone - extended pitch Mantras - repeated scriptures, prayers, or phonetic formulas that, through repetition, enhance ones karma or predisposition to goodness Vedas are unmetered songs of devotion and ritual Geography India is often divided into two large cultural regions that reflect different classical music traditions: North India or Hindustani India, and South India or Karnatic India Elements of Indian Classical Music Hindustani in the North and Karnatic in the South have in common the following elements: 1. Melodic Improvisation by a Soloist 2. Accompaniment by a Drummer 3. Improvisation Based on Raga 4. Cyclic Conception of Meter 5. Drone Improvisation in Indian Music During the performance, a performer makes decisions about the improvised elements. 1. These choices will be constrained by: 2. Harmony 3. Meter 4. Tonality and other complex and strict guidelines about what is and is not appropriate Improvisation in Indian Music An Indian musician makes decisions based on: 1. the formthe raga - the melodic basis of the piece 2. the tala - the metrical basis of the piece Elements of Indian Classical Music Students of Indian music begin not by learning rules for improvisation, but by learning a ragas precomposed songs or themes, called bandish in the North and gitam in the South Elements of Indian Classical Music Training for Performance of Indian...
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09 India - Introduction to the Region Musical Features...

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