What 3 elements are essential to Indian classical music performance?
Sitar, Sarod, Bin, Sarangi
Tabla – set of 2 drums
Mrdangam – double-headed from south
In background, similar to African shimmer.
Played by Tambura, Sruti Box, Harmonium
(can also be solo)
What is pitch bending ornamentation?
What makes it possible on certain instruments?
Changing the pitch of the note after it is played.
It is possible on any chordophone, and is achieved by
pressing or moving the string sideways after played.
Vocalists can do this also.
What is the function of the tempura player?
Drone, strum continuously
Describe the construction of the sarod, and how is it played?
Has no frets, but a metal-covered, tapered, fingerboard, four metal melody strings, and chikari (drone)
The strings are plucked with a single hand-held plectrum and are pressed to the slick metal
fingerboard with the nails of the left hand, making long slides possible.
The resonator is covered with
skin, rather than wood, which helps give the instrument its highly reverberant timbre.
Has about 15
Describe sympathetic vibration.
Called taraf, vibrations from other pitches cause pitches, tuned for constant vibration
Study terms: Sitar, Sarod, Sarangi, Drone, Tampura, Tabla, Bansri
Sitar – a plucked lute with frets
Sarod – Indian chordophone with no frets