Final Review

Final Review - India 1. What 3 elements are essential to...

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India 1. What 3 elements are essential to Indian classical music performance? Solo o Sitar, Sarod, Bin, Sarangi Drummer o Tabla – set of 2 drums o Mrdangam – double-headed from south Drone o In background, similar to African shimmer. Played by Tambura, Sruti Box, Harmonium (can also be solo) 2. What is pitch bending ornamentation? What makes it possible on certain instruments? Changing the pitch of the note after it is played. It is possible on any chordophone, and is achieved by pressing or moving the string sideways after played. Vocalists can do this also. 3. What is the function of the tempura player? Drone, strum continuously 4. Describe the construction of the sarod, and how is it played? Has no frets, but a metal-covered, tapered, fingerboard, four metal melody strings, and chikari (drone) strings. The strings are plucked with a single hand-held plectrum and are pressed to the slick metal fingerboard with the nails of the left hand, making long slides possible. The resonator is covered with skin, rather than wood, which helps give the instrument its highly reverberant timbre. Has about 15 sympathetic strings. 5. Describe sympathetic vibration. Called taraf, vibrations from other pitches cause pitches, tuned for constant vibration 6. Study terms: Sitar, Sarod, Sarangi, Drone, Tampura, Tabla, Bansri Sitar – a plucked lute with frets Sarod – Indian chordophone with no frets
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course MUSI 1004 taught by Professor Stevens during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Final Review - India 1. What 3 elements are essential to...

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