Module 2 - GEOGRAPHY 1700 World Regional Geography Module...

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GEOGRAPHY 1700 World Regional Geography Module 2: Europe
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GEOGRAPHY 1700 Defining the Realm of Europe
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Europe Europe is not a true continent but physiographically it is a peninsula located on the Western side of the Eurasian land mass between 35 and 70 degrees N. A land area of approx. 2,300,000 sq. miles
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Europe is a very important realm because it (especially Western Europe) has had a substantial impact on the world since Age of Exploration. Europeans populated the Americas and Oceania. Europeans also colonized most of Africa and parts of Asia. Most of the globe was once under direct domination of Europeans and today Europe has strong economic ties with the rest of the world.
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Physical Realm - Europe occupies a strategic and central location on the earth. If one placed an X over western Germany and made this a pole, the hemisphere oriented on this location would contain approximately 90% of all the earth's inhabited land area and 94% of the world's total population and economic production. But wasn't until the 1500's that Europeans took advantage of their location to establish colonial empires.
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The other main aspect of its geographic location is that Europe is also located at a high northern latitude - higher than United States. Southern Spain, the boot of Italy and Greece are at same latitude as Kentucky; England is above 50 o N and Finland and most of Scandinavia are above 60 o N A high latitude but moderate climates - result of Northern Atlantic Drift . Europe is strongly under maritime influences in both its physical and economic systems.
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Climates - The Alps form a climatic divide in Europe . Very lush green appearance in Northern Europe; turns 1) Marine West Coast (Cfb) – dominant climate of Western Europe ; moderate forest climate with cool summers and mild winters very rarely freezing in the lowland areas at 50 o and higher northern latitudes; stretches from northern Spain across France, British Isles, Denmark & Northern Germany into Poland, Southern tip of Norway and Sweden.
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2) Subarctic (Dfc) - Located in northern Scandinavia ; coniferous forests are the start of the vast Taiga of northern Eurasia - thin soils. 3) Tundra (E) - north coast (Lapland) above arctic circle ; 4) Steppe (BS) - small area in the Iberian peninsula - near Madrid. 5) Mediterranean (Cs) - Almost all of Southern Europe - area of vineyard olive groves - Spain & Portugal, Southern France, boot of Italy, Croatia, Bosnia & southern Balkan peninsula; the sea acts as a heater for southern Europe (doesn't mix with colder Atlantic).
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6) Humid subtropical (Cfa) - small area, Po Valley of Italy and the Danube region of southern Hungary , Slovenia and northern Yugoslavia. 7) Humid Continental
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Module 2 - GEOGRAPHY 1700 World Regional Geography Module...

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