Module 10

Module 10 - GEOGRAPHY 160 World Regional Geography Module...

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GEOGRAPHY 160 World Regional Geography Module 10: Southeast Asia
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GEOGRAPHY 160 Defining the Realm of Southeast Asia
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Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a realm of peninsulas and islands – it is a land between the two larger Asian realms. Latitude Range ~28 Degrees North to ~11 Degrees South
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Like Middle America, the area consists of a mainland region and a marine region - the mainland is tropical and the island region is equatorial Because of its location it has been a buffer zone between the two larger civilizations of India and China and has great cultural diversity. Unlike Middle and South America and South and East Asia, it has no single dominant country (Indonesia is maybe the closest in terms of population size).
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In geographic size, Southeast Asia is slightly larger than South Asia -1.7 million square miles - and the land area is about half the size of the Conterminous United States.
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Southeast Asia is at a strategic location at the crossroads of Asian cultures . Important shipping lanes through the straits of Malacca . All countries are marine oriented - except Laos which is landlocked . The mainland is dominated by long parallel-folded mountain ridges that separate the major river basins . These mountains are extensions of the Himalayas to the east.
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The archipelagoes are on the edge of plate boundaries the Philippines are at the boundary between the Pacific plate and the Philippine plate and Indonesia is at the boundary between Eurasian plate and the Australian- Indian plate , There is high mountainous relief throughout both the mainland and insular regions. Even though it is tropical and equatorial, there are mountain glaciers in Indonesia .
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Volcanic and earthquake activity is common as this region is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire . Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991 having major impacts on the Philippines and global climate.
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The tsunami the devastated Southeast and South Asia was caused by shifts in the ocean floor along these major faults.
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Climates: Southeast Asia contains the least amount of climatic diversity of all of the realms . Two main types dominate Southeast Asia: Tropical Rainforest in the equatorial portion and Tropical Monsoon in the northern portion
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Rivers of Southeast Asia The Mekong River is the most important river of Southeast Asia. Among world rivers, it ranks 8 th in flow, 12 th in length, and 21 st in the size of its drainage basin. It originates in the Tibetan highlands of China and flows through China’s Yunnan Province into Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
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The Mekong has several unique characteristics. The Mekong and its tributaries yield more fish than any other river system – its annual catch is twice that of the North Sea. The Mekong has over 1,200 different fish species
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course GEOG 1700 taught by Professor Hanik during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Module 10 - GEOGRAPHY 160 World Regional Geography Module...

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