ANT154A 07BW - Anthropology 154A Lecture 7 But first A...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Anthropology 154A Lecture 7 The Haplorhini: Suborder Haplorhini Infraorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea The Old World Monkeys But first… A brief review of platyrrhine taxonomy Suborder Haplorhini Infraorder Platyrrhini Family Cebidae Subfamily Callitrichinae Callithrix Saguinus Cebuella Leontopithecus Callimico Mico Callibella Subfamily Cebinae Cebus Saimiri Subfamily Aotinae Aotus Suborder Haplorhini Infraorder Platyrrhini Family Atelidae Subfamily Atelinae Ateles Brachyteles Lagothrix Alouatta Subfamily Pitheciinae Callicebus Pithecia Chiropotes Cacajao Contrasting Platyrrhini and Catarrhini Some platyrrhines are schizodactylous Alouatta schizodactylous
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Infraorder Platyrrhini: three premolars 3 Premolars All platyrrhines and catarrhines have completely closed orbital plates Sectorial Lower first premolar Anterior honing surface, which sharpens the posterior edge of the upper canine-- as a whetstone is used to sharpen the edge of a knife Two premolars BIG gap (diastema) where the long lower canine fits as the jaws close CATARRHINI: Dentition Infraorder Catarrhini: 2 Superfamilies Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae • Subfamily Cercopithecinae • Subfamily Colobinae Superfamily Hominoidea – Family Hylobatidae – Family Pongidae – Family Hominidae Suborder Haplorhini Infraorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Bilophodont molars, contrasted with “Y-5” molars of the hominoids (apes and humans) Suborder Haplorhini, Infraorder Catarrhini, Superfamily Cercopithecoidea: 1 family • Family Cercopithecidae – Subfamily Cercopithecinae – Subfamily Colobinae Suborder Haplorhini, Infraorder Catarrhini, Superfamily Cercopithecoidea, Family Cercopithecidae, Subfamily Cercopithecinae (cheekpouch monkeys) Locomotion is quadrupedal Intermembral index ~ 90 to 100 (arms and legs roughly equal in length) Arboreal species have long tails Omnivorous (frugivorous) Low, rounded molar cusps Buccal pouches Simple digestive system—no unusually large or small parts
Background image of page 2
3 Suborder Haplorhini, Infraorder Catarrhini, Superfamily Cercopithecoidea, Family Cercopithecidae, Subfamily Cercopithecinae: 11 genera Cercopithecus Chlorocebus Erythrocebus Miopithecus Allenopithecus Papio Theropithecus Lophocebus Cercocebus Mandrillus Macaca Infraorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Genus Cercopithecus (20-25 species) (Guenons) Widespread in African forests 2.4-7 kg Single-male, multi-female groups: 4-50 Home range: 4-335 ha Omnivorous Infraorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Genus Cercopithecus (20-25 species) (Guenons) All species have long tails and many have colorful faces Females aggressive toward other groups Female dominance hierarchies subtle,
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 11

ANT154A 07BW - Anthropology 154A Lecture 7 But first A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online