Chapter_13___Education_and_Religion_1

Chapter_13___Education_and_Religion_1 - SOCL 151,...

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SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER THIRTEEN – EDUCATION and RELIGION LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define: education, mainstreaming, tracking, gatekeeping, hidden curriculum, self-fulfilling prophecy, religion, sacred, profane, church, rituals, cosmology, cult, sect, ecclesia, denomination, 2. Compare and contrast education in Japan, Russia and Egypt. 3. Review the latent functions and dysfunctions of education. 4. Understand the application of the structural functionalist model, the conflict model and the symbolic interactionist model to the system of education. 5. Understand what an IQ test determines. 6. Review the problems and possible solutions about education in the U.S. 7. How do social class, race and ethnicity (cultural capital) affect schooling? 8. Relate true academic achievement with SAT results. 9. Discuss the outcomes of grade inflation. 10. Distinguish between the sacred and the profane. 11. Understand the application of the three sociological theories on religion. 12. Relate religion and capitalism as discussed by Max Weber. 13. Understand the differences between cults, sects, church and ecclesia. 14. Relate social class and race/ethnicity with the practice of religion. DISCUSSION The educational system is one each of you have been involved with for more than twelve years and are very involved with at this time. Since thirty percent of the U.S. population is involved with formal education on a daily bases, it is very important to understand its influence on individuals and society. THEORETICAL VIEWS The major goal for education is transmission of skills and knowledge. The structural functional theory adds several manifest functions as well as latent functions and dysfunctions. The manifest functions contribute to stability and harmony of society and are seen as beneficial to society and the individual. These manifest functions are cultural reproduction of values and ideas of dominant culture, social control or conformity to the dominate society norms, assimilation of people of various cultural backgrounds, training and development of specific skills and behaviors, selection and allocation through standards of achievement, and promotion
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Chapter_13___Education_and_Religion_1 - SOCL 151,...

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