Chapter_12___Marriage and Family

Chapter_12___Marriage and Family - SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF...

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SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER TWELVE – MARRIAGE and FAMILY LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define: marriage, family, monogamy, polygyny, polyandry, homogamy, empty nest, and sandwich generation. 2. Outline the universal functions/responsibilities of the family. 3. Review the cultural themes regarding mate selection, descent, inheritance and authority. 4. Review the various types of marriages and the types of society related to them. 5. Review the three sociological theories related to marriage and the family. 6. Discuss the family life cycle stages. 7. Review the various family patterns. 8. Review the issues revolving around childbirth and childrearing. 9. Review the statistics related to childbirth in U. S including illegitimate births. 10. Compare the rewards and liabilities of having and rearing children (for both mothers and fathers). Be sure to include financial costs. 11. Note the trends and changes in the American family and indicate the consequences of these changes. 12. Discuss the effects of divorce on children and grandchildren. 13. Review the issues about the absent father, serial father, ex-spouses and remarriages. 14. Review the affects of violence on the family. DISCUSSION The family is often identified as a society's basic social institution. This is a very significant statement since it suggests that the family meets needs that no other institution can meet as well. This is indeed the case. You will discover in your readings that the family is undergoing change everywhere, but even so, it performs functions that are essential to our survival. The family has changed dramatically in the U.S. yet it still performs functions essential to socialization. People define the family in many different ways. Some people consider very close friends to be a family member. However, in sociology, we define the family as a socially sanctioned, relatively permanent grouping of persons related by blood, kinship, marriage, or adoption who generally live together and cooperate economically. This means that society sees the family as important and encourages or expects us to be a part of a family. It is important to remember that the family is not only a biological, but a social unit as well. This means that we are born into a family, but also form a family through social arrangements such as marriage and adoption. The family in every society performs a number of functions. Your text identifies some, but there are others to be added. They include: 1. Socialization: the family is responsible for instilling social values and norms, imparting knowledge of gender roles, and giving us our first interpretation of the world.
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2. Protecting and caring for members: this includes protection from environmental dangers and meeting basic physical needs. 3.
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Chapter_12___Marriage and Family - SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF...

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