Chapter_9___Inequalties of Race and Ethnicity

Chapter_9___Inequalties of Race and Ethnicity - SOCL 151...

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SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER NINE – INEQUALITIES OF RACE AND ETHNICITY LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define the following terms: minority group, dominate group, genocide, apartheid, prejudice, discrimination, racism, scapegoat, race, selective and perception. 2. Identify the myths vs. reality of race. 3. Understand how prejudice is acquired. 4. Differentiate between institutional discrimination and individual discrimination. 5. Review the patterns of interaction between or among groups in society: genocide, population transfer, internal colonialism, segregation, assimilation, and multiculturalism (pluralism). 6. Review the major theories on prejudice, psychological and sociological. 7. Review the issues regarding developing a multicultural society. In 1965 an Australian remarked to the visiting American, “Wouldn't you have been better off not to have let 'them ' in? He was referring to the African American population in the USA as he watched telecasts of race riots and civil unrest. The question shows great ignorance of the process of settling the U.S. Blacks were not 'let' in; they were forced in - a needed labor supply. This same pattern was repeated with the Chinese, Japanese, and Mexicans. The unfortunate pattern was that once the specific jobs were done the American citizens turned their co-workers out, both literally and figuratively. It appears the diversity we celebrate on one hand has occurred unintentionally in some respect; we seem to resent diversity on the other hand when the majority population's interests are challenged or endangered. We value sharing, but we also valued privacy and property protection. We value diversity, but we also value conformity. We value equality, but we also value working and these are not always compatible dynamics. We open our national doors, allow workers (immigrants) to see us, use our life, smell our vitality; we take from them their labor, their money, and the parts of their culture that fancy us. We demand both that they be like us and they stay unique. The demands are confusing and often impossible. The statistics in the text about income, education, health demonstrate the consequences of our inconsistencies. In spite of the tensions the identification of people as belonging to a specific racial or ethnic
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Chapter_9___Inequalties of Race and Ethnicity - SOCL 151...

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