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TABLE 7.2 FUNCTIONAL AND CONFLICT THEORIES OF STRATIFICATION Interprets: Functionalism Conflict Theory Inequality Inequality serves an important purpose Inequality results from a system of in society by motivating people to fill domination and subordination the different positions in society that where those with the most are needed for the survival of the resources exploit and control whole. others. Class Structure Differentation is essential for a Different groups struggle over cohesive society. societal resources and compete for social advantage. Reward System Rewards are attached to certain positions The more stratified a society, the (such as higher income and prestige) as a less likely that society will benefit way to ensure that people will make the from the talents of all its citizens, sacrifices needed to acquire the training since inequality prevents the talents for functionally important positions in of those at the bottom from being society. discovered and used. Classes
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