Chapter_7___Global Stratification

Chapter_7___Global Stratification - SOCL 151 PRINCIPLES OF...

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SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER SEVEN – GLOBAL STRATIFICATION LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define social stratification, class system, caste system, social mobility, neocolonialism, multinational corporations, and endogamy. 2. Explain the relationship between stratification and inequality. 3. Review the concept of class consciousness verses false class consciousness. 4. Explain the differences between Marx's two classes. 5. Explain what Weber meant by the concepts of class, status, and power. 6. Discuss the concept of “class”, according to Marx. 7. Outline the structural-functional theory (Davis and Moore), conflict (Marxian) theory and Lenski’s Syntheis Theory of social stratification, and note the weaknesses of each theory. 8. Distinguish between most-developed nations, less-developed nations and least developed nations. 9. Understand the theories on the development of global inequality: colonialism, modernization, World-Systems and the culture of poverty. 10. Distinguish between core nations, semi-peripheral, and peripheral nations and the external areas. 11. Review the impact of globalization. 12. Review the explanations for the continuation of global stratification. All social groups are likely to show some type of ranking. I may rank a college class based on grades for the course, overall grade point average, class standing, or college major. Companies usually have different job levels and the military has a complex ranking. Society identifies some occupations as more prestigious than others. Even friendship groups often have informal rankings based on some characteristic ability that is important to the group (e.g., money or athletic ability). Sociologists refer to this ranking as stratification. Stratification literally means division into segments or levels such as those cited above. Sociologically, stratification is a relatively permanent status ranking where both individuals and groups are thought to constitute both higher and lower strata. Hence, persons possess different types of privileges, levels of prestige (recognition or respect), and degrees of power, influence, and wealth. The President of the United States, for example, has certain privileges that most of us do not enjoy such as living in the White House. He is also quite wealthy compared to most of us and has a great deal of power in national and world affairs. Stratification, then, involves the concept of inequality; certain important factors are not distributed equally. Social stratification may be based on such things as possession of property, political power, religion, language, education, race, sex, and occupation. Three key elements are involved in stratification. There must be scarce resources such as wealth. Secondly, the resources that exist must be distributed unequally; some persons have more wealth
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Chapter_7___Global Stratification - SOCL 151 PRINCIPLES OF...

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