Chapter_6___Deviance__and_Social_Control-1 - SOCL 151,...

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SOCL 151, PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY CHAPTER SIX – DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define social control, social order, crime, and hate crimes. 2. Review the need for social control. 3. Explain the three levels of social control which lead to conformity. 4. Define deviance and explain how it is relative. 5. Explain the following sociological theories about deviant behavior: Strain theory, Differential Association theory, Control theory, Labeling theory, Conflict theory 6. Present and explain recent trends in crime rates. 7. Review the relationship between power and deviant behavior. 8. Explain how the factors of age, gender, social and racial class affect criminal behavioral. 9. Define victimless crimes and explain why they often receive so much attention. 10. Define white-collar crime and compare it to street crime. 11. Review the medical model of mental illness. 12. Review the recidivism rate. 13. Distinguish between negative and positive sanctions. 14. Understand the focus of study regarding deviance for sociobiologists, psychologists and sociologists. Have you ever: had sex outside of marriage, exceeded the speed limit, “borrowed” office supplies, jay walked, or drank too much alcohol? Would you consider yourself deviant? Deviance is a violation of a societal norm that results in a negative. One important aspect of deviance which many people overlook is that it can be either negative or positive. Society tends to look at deviance as being negative far more often than looking at the positive side of deviance. How often do you see stories in the media about positive things people have done? Usually you see stories about murders, robberies, fraud, etc. One explanation is that people prefer to hear negative stories because it makes them feel like they are morally, intellectually and behaviorally superior to others. If one keeps hearing positive stories about the Pope, or a brilliant, accomplished business person who has performed some philanthropic act, it may depress people because it may make them feel inferior. To determine if a behavior is deviant, one must look at four factors: time, place, audience (community’s standards) and individual. Society determines which acts will be considered deviant. For example in Italy it is very common and not considered deviant to use loud voices and throw you hands around when talking. It American we would consider this rude. Behaviors that were considered normal years ago may be considered deviant today or visa versa. Divorce was very deviant 100 years ago as was child birth out of wedlock. In American today this is common. However, many societies still consider these behaviors as deviant. Remember that the behavior must result in a negative sanction even if it is only a dirty look. Most people are not significantly deviant.
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Chapter_6___Deviance__and_Social_Control-1 - SOCL 151,...

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