Chapter 13 Powerpoint

Chapter 13 Powerpoint - Saving, Investment, and the...

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Saving, Investment, and the Financial System Investment? Chapter 13
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The Financial System The financial system consists of institutions that help to match one person’s saving with another person’s investment. It moves the economy’s scarce resources from savers to borrowers.
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The Financial System Tom in LA Jane in NY needs $1 m has $1 m
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Financial Institutions in the U.S. Economy The financial system is made up of financial institutions that coordinate the actions of savers and borrowers. Financial institutions can be grouped into two different categories: financial markets and financial intermediaries.
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Financial Institutions in the U.S. Economy Financial Markets (direct finance) Stock Market Bond Market Financial Intermediaries (Indirect finance) Banks Mutual Funds
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Financial Institutions in the U.S. Economy Financial markets are the institutions through which savers can directly provide funds to borrowers. Financial intermediaries are financial institutions (banks) through which savers can indirectly provide funds to borrowers.
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The Bond Market A bond is a certificate of indebtedness that specifies obligations of the borrower to the holder of the bond. (ex) IBM bond $10,000 10%/yr 10 yrs IOU
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Characteristics of a Bond Term: The length of time until the bond matures. Credit Risk: The probability that the borrower will fail to pay some of the interest or principal. (govnt and corporate) Tax Treatment: The way in which the tax laws treat the interest on the bond. Municipal bonds are federal tax exempt.
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Risk Structure of Long Bonds in the United States
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Bond Ratings
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20 Century-Fox Bond
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Stock represents ownership in a firm and is therefore, a claim to the profits that the firm makes. The sale of stock to raise money is called equity financing . Compared to bonds, stocks offer both higher risk and potentially higher returns. The Stock Market
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The Stock Market The most important stock exchanges in the United States are the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, and NASDAQ.
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NYSE
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NASDAQ
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The Stock Market Most newspaper stock tables provide the following information: Price (of a share) Volume (number of shares sold) Dividend (profits paid to stockholders) Price-earnings ratio (P/E ratio) average 15
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Reading Newspaper’s Stock Tables 52 weeks Hi Lo Stock Sym Div Yld % PE Vol 100s Hi Lo Close Net Chg 26 3/16 23 7/16 CslFnl TOPrS 2.09 8.6 59 24 1/4 23 13/16 24 ¼ 1/16 12 7/8 6 7/8 Coastcast PAR 17 171 11 3/8 10 7/8 11 3/8 3/8 75 7/16 47 5/16 CocaCola KO .64 1.3 40 39384 51 49 ¾ 51 1 1/16 22 1/2 9 3/4 CCFemsa ADR KOF .12 .9 2121 13 13/16 12 7/8
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Chapter 13 Powerpoint - Saving, Investment, and the...

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