SEMJUL08 - LECT02 - INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSOR SYSTEMS COMPLETED

SEMJUL08 - LECT02 - INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSOR SYSTEMS COMPLETED

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–17. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to Microprocessor Systems
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What we are going to learn in this session: What is a microprocessor. History of microprocessors. What is a microprocessor system. Components inside the microprocessor system: Component description. Function. Arrangement. The CPU execution cycle. What is it. How the cycle works.
Background image of page 2
Microprocessors
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Microprocessor A microprocessor is an electronic device that consists of millions (or billions) of transistors packed into one IC. Its function is to execute instructions in the form of programs, calculate and store its results. Microprocessors are used widely in our everyday lives.
Background image of page 4
Everyday Items that use Microprocessors Wikipedia - ECU
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Microprocessor µP is a complex, powerful device: Able to process huge amounts of data. Built using transistors etched on silicon die. Needs external components to support operation. Microcomputer system – support µP operations.
Background image of page 6
Microprocessors Fabrication 1. Microprocessors are manufactured by etching transistors into an empty silicon wafer. 2. The etching process is done in a clean room using machines. 3. Once proper leads and connections are attached, the microprocessor is ready to be used.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Microprocessor The microprocessor can be used to perform complex operations by giving it instructions. These instructions are called programs. Programs are loaded into memory, and are executed line-by line by the microprocessor.
Background image of page 8
History of Computers
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Microprocessor and Computers Since its invention in 1970s, the microprocessor has undergone major improvements. We can look at the history of microprocessors by looking at computers and how they have evolved over the years.
Background image of page 10
History of Computers Has undergone significant improvements: 4 generations until now. Tied to development of electronics, semiconductors.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History of Computers Vacuum Tube Transistor IC Better IC technology G1 G2 G3 G4
Background image of page 12
History of Computers What’s next? Conventional computing: Advancements in semiconductor technology. Smaller, faster, less power. More cores in one processor. Unconventional computing: Quantum computer. Chemical computer. Molecular computer.
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History of Computers First Generation (1954-56): Vacuum Tubes as switches. Magnetic drums as memory. Very big, unreliable, slow. Examples: ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer) , UNIVAC (UNIVersal Automatic Computer) .
Background image of page 14
First Generation Computers Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) Vacuum Tubes
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Second Generation (1956-63): After invention of transistors. Smaller, faster, cheaper. Limited to military and business use.
Background image of page 16
Image of page 17
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 78

SEMJUL08 - LECT02 - INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSOR SYSTEMS COMPLETED

This preview shows document pages 1 - 17. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online