mth481, Assignment 4

# mth481, Assignment 4 - Math 481 Probability and Statistics...

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Math 481, Probability and Statistics Assignment 4 Problem 1 This chapter talked about how graphs can be set up to be misleading. Even though the graphs in this chapter may be misleading, they are not providing false information, but setting the parameters of graphs in a way that may be deceiving. The first way that graphs were made to be deceiving was by setting the minimum of the vertical axis to some other number besides zero. This makes the graph appear differently than the data really is by making the graph disproportional. Another way that a graph can appear even more misleading is by first setting the minimum of the vertical axis to something besides zero and then stretch the vertical axis to exaggerate the data even more. This graph will have 100% truthful information provided in the graph, but any small changes will be magnified to provide what appear to be significant results. These graphs may draw attention to spectators, but when closely viewing these graphs someone should be able to see that the truth of the data is not what they first viewed. I can understand that people that are making these graphs have an agenda to usually draw in people’s attention. More than likely, people will view these types of graphs with amazement when first glanced at, but the only people that will continue to fall for this sort of trick is someone that is naive or lazy. Therefore, any student in our class should not be tricked by this misleading type of statistics since we are all knowledgeable of this chapter. Furthermore, we should know that if we decide to present our own statistics in this manner, we will be misrepresenting the data to our peers, which is not a favorable objective. Problem 2

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mth481, Assignment 4 - Math 481 Probability and Statistics...

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