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midterm study guide - Agora 5th century BC The market place...

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Agora: 5 th century BC The market place and political center of Athens Headquarters of democracy based on Deme The Boule-Athenian Council Chamber Stoa-covered buildings Road called the Panathenaic Way Ostracism The Parthenon on the Acropolis Cradle of democracy Held the municipal office and the law courts Later turned into a sports stadium Bouleuterion- the meeting house of the council of 500 Mycenaean after 1200 BC Mycenaean Palace o Civilization collapsed o Large scale depopulation o Loss of literacy o Loss of artistic skill o Loss of overseas trading Acropolis Wooden statue of Athena, guardian of the city Building as a dedication to Zeus, Chief of the Gods Temple of Athena built after the Persian wars Parthenon-where the temple of Athena stands Erechtheum- a shrine to all Gods and heroes traditionally associated with the Acropolis and not worshiped elsewhere o Ten different gods, heroes, and heroines had to be in this complex Propylaea- The monumental gateway into the Acropolis (it was never finally completed) A ramp that lead up to the “high city” The house of the arrephoroi- Pinakotheke- picture gallery and a ceremonial dining room On high flat rocky plateau Pericles phidias Themistocles Admired by all Greeks (except Athenians) for his strategy at Salamis Architect of the naval forces of Athens Great leader of Athens Was exiled by the Athenians Sparta Land locked state Ruled by an oligarchy
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Devoted to their military Conquered most of southern Greece Rivals were Athenians Hit by an earthquake The Ekklasia Citizens voting assembly Met on average every nine days Could only discuss matters prepared by the boule Democracy First democracy started in Athens A way to limiting power among the people If one was too powerful, they were banished for ten years Trojan War War against Sparta and Athens Athens won Boule Body of 500 representatives of the citizens o
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