Classics terms for quiz 3 - Roman Houses 509 BC (Roman...

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Roman Houses – 509 BC (Roman Republic) - The Rich had atrium-style houses that they adopted from the Etruscans. - Examples include: House of Augustus and House of Livia on Palatine Hill built in the late 1st century BC. - Earlier Etruscan atrium houses have been found from the 6th century BC. - Centered around an atrium and had a peristyle garden. Atrium – 509 BC (Roman Republic) - The main central hall in a Roman house. - The atrium was adopted from Etruscan atrium-styled homes. - It had an opening in the roof (compluvium) that rain fell through. - The rainwater collected in a pool (impluvium), then drained into a cistern -business meetings are held in the atrium Impluvium- 509 -a small pool located in the center of the atrium of a roman house used to collect rain water -rain water would collect in a cistern -usually had tiles Opus Incertum – 2nd Century BC - A method of concrete facing in walls. - The earliest method used in Rome. - Made with small, irregularly shaped, but uniform sized rocks. - The stones were pushed into a core of opus caementicium (concrete Opus Reticulatum – Later 2nd Century BC - A method of concrete facing in walls. - Replaced opus incertum. - Small pyramid shaped stone blocks would be shoved into the concrete point first. - A less neat form was opus quasi-reticulatum. Opus Testaceum – AD 54-68 (Nero’s reign) - A method of concrete facing in walls. - It used fired bricks instead of stones. - Was common during Nero’s reign. - Sometimes, bricks were broken into triangles and pushed point first into the concrete Toga – 509 BC (Roman Republic) - A Roman formal garment (equal to today’s suit), worn by male citizens. - Only freeborn citizens could wear them. - They were so cumbersome, only the upper class that didn’t do a lot of work would wear them for long periods of time. -magistrate or senator would wear when performing state duties -only worn by men Stola – 509 BC (Roman Republic)
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- A loose fitting garment worn by Roman women. - Similar to the Greek chiton. - A palla was worn over them and an under-tunic and strophium (bra-like strap) was worn under. - Respectable women did not wear togas. Vestal Virgin – 3rd Century BC (Temple of Vesta) - The virgins of the Temple of Vesta who kept the flame of Rome burning. - The only female priestesses in Rome. - There were 6 at a time, they were chosen by the Pontifex Maximus, and they served for 30 years. - They were from patrician families. Were tortured and buried alive if they were unchaste. -chosen as little girls Mithras – AD 1st-4th Centuries - Persian deity of light turned into a Roman god of the sun. - Only men could join the cult of Mithras. - He was most commonly depicted as slaying a bull. - Supposedly buried in a cave, so Mithraic shrines are often partially or wholly submerged. -slaying bull represents coming of spring
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Classics terms for quiz 3 - Roman Houses 509 BC (Roman...

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