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PSY 101 Lecture 11-11-11

PSY 101 Lecture 11-11-11 - Social Psychology 80 70 60 50...

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Social Psychology
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Behavioral-Confirmation Bias Men and women brought into lab Interact over telephone Men shown “pictures” of the women 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 "ugly" picture "pretty" picture Men Coder
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Group Processes Social facilitation Social loafing
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Social Facilitation Does having an audience help?
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Social Facilitation Presence of Others Increased Arousal Complex Task: Impaired performance Simple Task: Improved performance
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Social Loafing People tend to exert less  effort in a group task  where everyone’s  performance is pooled The more people in  the group, the more  each individual’s  amount of effort  decreases
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Ways to Decrease Social Loafing Separate each individual’s contribution  from overall group performance Each individual’s task is necessary for  overall group success Reward individual as well as group Group members are friends Make tasks personally meaningful
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Social Perception Attributions Kelly’s theory Fundamental Attribution Error Confirmation bias Behavioral confirmation bias
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Making Attributions Social Perception : The processes by  which we come to know and evaluate  other persons. Attribution Theory : A set of theories  that describe how people explain the  causes of behavior. All behavior is ambiguous Exp: Your new roommate is mean to you
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Attributions Dispositional Attributions  – conclude that is  something about the person  that caused the behavior She is mean Situational Attributions  – conclude that it is 
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