Bands, tribes, chiefdoms

Bands, tribes, chiefdoms - Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States...

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Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States Bands: Small (20-50) groups that forage Egalitarian: same access to resources through sharing, power is equal because everyone has a say and a vote, no band leader/chief, elders that are respected but no leader Little differentiation of wealth, prestige, power Exogamous, bilateral kinship: married to someone outside of your band Membership is flexible: no exclusivity No warfare Tribes: Bigger than bands Horticulture cultivation, pastoralism Egalitarian (gender stratification) Kin-based groups/alliances = super important -contingent alliance networks (contingent=doesn’t always exist) – momentary groups to get a certain task done then break up group Leadership: village head, “Big Man” Gluckman- the peace in the feud (paradoxical book) The nuer: tribe Ecological need to cooperate Segments of the tribe related through ancestors: kinship Fusion and fission in conflict Vengeance groups are agnatic (male) kin -scattered widely, feuding people live together
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Bands, tribes, chiefdoms - Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States...

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