chapter21 - Farm Management Chapter 21 Human Resource...

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Farm Management Chapter 21 Human Resource Management
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farm management chapter 21 2 Table 21-1 Workers on United States Farms Operators and Hired Total Year unpaid workers workers workers 1950 7,597,000 2,329,000 9,926,000 1960 5,172,000 1,885,000 7,057,000 1970 3,348,000 1,175,000 4,523,000 1980 2,401,000 1,298,000 3,699,000 1990 1,999,000 892,000 2,891,000 2000 2,062,000 890,000 2,952,000 2005 --- 779,500 --- Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service U.S.D.A .
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farm management chapter 21 3 Table 21-2 Wage Rates by Region for Agricultural Workers, 2005 Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service U.S.D.A . Region Average Hourly Wage ($/hr) North East $10.09 Appalachia 8.95 Southeast 9.20 Lake States 10.35 Cornbelt 10.48 Delta 7.70 Northern Plains 10.12 Southern Plains 8.38 Mountain 8.67 Pacific States 9.98
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farm management chapter 21 4 Characteristics of Agricultural Labor Labor is a continuous-flow input. It cannot be stored for later use; it must be used as it becomes available or it is lost. Full-time labor is a “lumpy” input, available only in indivisible units. Although part-time and hourly labor is used, the majority of agricultural labor is provided by full-time, year-round employees.
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farm management chapter 21 5 Planning Farm Labor Resources Quantity of labor needed (labor as a fixed cost vs. labor as a variable cost) Quality of labor needed Management style
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farm management chapter 21 6 Measuring the Efficiency of Labor Value of farm production per person Labor cost per crop acre Crop acres per person Cows milked per person
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farm management chapter 21 7 Table 21-5 Labor Efficiency by Farm Size for Iowa Farms, 2005 Source: 2005 Iowa Farm Costs and Returns Item $40,000 to $99,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $250,000 or more
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course AGEC 7100 taught by Professor Duffy,p during the Fall '08 term at Auburn University.

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chapter21 - Farm Management Chapter 21 Human Resource...

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