farm-management-chapter21

farm-management-chapter21 - Farm Management Chapter 21...

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Farm Management Chapter 21 Human Resource Management
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farm management chapter 21 2 Chapter Outline Characteristics of Agricultural Labor Planning Farm Labor Resources Measuring the Efficiency of Labor Improving Labor Efficiency Improving Managerial Capacity Obtaining and Managing Farm Employees Agricultural Labor Regulations
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farm management chapter 21 3 Chapter Objectives 1. To describe trends in the use of human resources in agriculture 2. To illustrate how to plan for human resources needed for different situations 3. To outline methods for measuring and improving labor efficiency 4. To suggest ways to improve the management of agricultural employees 5. To summarize the laws regulating agricultural workers
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farm management chapter 21 4 Table 21-1 Workers on United States Farms Operators and Hired Total Year unpaid workers workers workers 1950 7,597,000 2,329,000 9,926,000 1960 5,172,000 1,885,000 7,057,000 1970 3,348,000 1,175,000 4,523,000 1980 2,401,000 1,298,000 3,699,000 1990 1,999,000 892,000 2,891,000 2000 2,062,000 890,000 2,952,000
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farm management chapter 21 5 Characteristics of Agricultural Labor Labor is a continuous-flow input. It cannot be stored for later use; it must be used as it becomes available or it is lost. Full-time labor is a “lumpy” input, available only in indivisible units. Although part-time and hourly labor is used, the majority of agricultural labor is provided by full-time, year-round employees.
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farm management chapter 21 6 Table 21-2 Number of Farm Employees on U.S. Farms,
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