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P97A_Week_8m - Psychology9/7A Announcements class ofclass...

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Psychology 9/7A Psychology is a Fascinating Street
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Announcements Writing assignment – due Week 10 start of  class Extra-credit summaries – due Week 10 start  of class Week 10 – Chapter 15:  Therapy – Review for  final during second half of class No test – Section on “Attraction” pages 705- 712
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Midterm 2  Median = 40 Mode = 46 ( n  = 15) Range = 19 – 49 Mean = 39 Standard Dev = 6.18 Correlation between  exam 1 and exam 2  = .69 Midterm 2 49.8 43.9 38.0 32.0 26.1 20.2 50 40 30 20 10 0 Std. Dev = 6.18 Mean = 39.0 N = 199.00
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Personality “an individual’s unique variation on the general  evolutionary design for human nature” Personality psychologists are interested in: 1. Constructing a unique and coherent “picture” of  the person 2. Investigating how people are different 3. Investigating universal traits or characteristics  common to all people
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Psychoanalytic Approach Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) Josef Breuer’s “talking cure” Catharsis Product of the Victorian era Repressed sexuality Rationality & self-control distinguish us from the animals Eros  and  Thanatos Inhibited sexuality & inhibited aggression The Iceberg Metaphor
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Freud’s Structure of Personality Conscious— Acute awareness Preconscious— Just under awareness; easily known Unconscious— Well below awareness; Difficult to know  but very influential Superego Superego Consciousness Ego Ego Id Id
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How the iceberg works Id Functions on ‘pleasure principle’ Immediate gratification of needs to reduce tension  & discomfort regardless of consequences Superego Functions on ‘idealistic principle’ Our moral guide/conscience Influenced by internalizing our parents’ values &  the voice of society Works against the Id by inflicting guilt
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How the iceberg works (cont.) Ego Functions on ‘reality principle’ Serves to balance the demands the Id and the  Superego Assesses what is realistically possible in satisfying  the Id and/or Superego (i.e., what society will  deem acceptable) Ego uses defense mechanisms to protect itself Personality, according to psychoanalytic  theory, is result of the  battle  for control  between id, ego & superego
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Defense Mechanisms Denial Denying the anxiety outright Repression Blocking out/prevention of anxiety – forcing  anxiety back into unconscious Rationalization Creating false reasons or explanations for  anxiety in the form of a shortcoming
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Defense Mechanisms (cont.) Projection Seeing in others unacceptable feelings that  reside in one’s own unconscious Displacement Acting out your anxiety on an innocent  party Scapegoating
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Defense Mechanisms (cont.)
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